Fidyah & Kaffara
Fidya is a donation of money or food made to help those in need. Fidyah is made when someone is ill or of extreme age (old or young), cannot fast for the required number of days, and will not be able to make up for the fast. In Ramadan, the Fidyah must be paid for each fast missed (calculated at $15 CAD for each day missed) If, however, one misses their fast due to being sick or on a journey, but will be healthy enough to make up for it, they should preferably make up for the fast at a later date, as prescribed in the Qur'an.
Kaffara is a donation of money or food made to help those in need. Kaffara is made when someone deliberately misses a fast or to breaks their fast purposefully, such as by having intercourse, or eating. Kaffara can be paid when someone breaks an oath, where 10 underprivileged people should be fed for each occurrence. The amount paid should be about the average you would pay for a meal, which is calculated at $15 CAD in Calgary. Estimate cost is $15 fo 10 people, which equals to $150 CAD for each broken oath or promise.